There is no doubt that power lines are part of critical infrastructure. Power engineering is now at its most dramatic development phase. Unfortunately, progress in technologies and political decisions tend to complicate development.
Calibration of e-meters is vital when operating at high frequencies with high harmonics. Failure to do so will result in incorrect measurement and readings. Simple solutions are available to measure harmonics with high accuracy.
Examines the role of current interoperability standards and calls into question whether these are truly interoperable. Examining PRIME, G3-PLC, and OSGP and determining whether the interoperability is truly across the entire system, or just within a few reference layers of the whole communication model.
Briefy put: as more elements are added into the grid, power quality standards and measurement need to be reassessed to take into consideration the necessity of more refned standards.